State of Drupal presentation (October 2021)
Last week, Drupalists around the world gathered virtually for DrupalCon Europe 2021.
I talked about end-of-life schedules for various Drupal versions, delivered some exciting updates on Drupal 10 progress, and covered the health of the Drupal community in terms of contributor dynamics. Last but not least, I talked about how we are attracting new users and contributors by making it much easier to contribute to Drupal.
Drupal 7 and Drupal 8 end-of-life
If you are using Drupal 7 or Drupal 8, time is of the essence to upgrade to Drupal 9. Drupal 7 end-of-life is scheduled for November 2022.
Drupal 8's end-of-life is more pressing, as it is scheduled for November 2nd, 2021 (i.e. in less than a month). If you are wondering why Drupal 8 is end-of-life before Drupal 7, that is because we changed how we develop Drupal in 2016. These changes have been really great for Drupal. They've made it much easier to upgrade to the latest version without friction.
As a community, we've spent thousands of hours building tools and automations to make migrating to Drupal 9 as simple as possible.
Drupal 10 timeline
Next, I gave an update on Drupal 10 timelines. Timing-wise, our preferred option would be to ship Drupal 10 in June 2022. That date hinges on how much work we can get done in the next few months.
Drupal core strategic initiatives
After these timelines, I walked through the six strategic initiatives for Drupal core. We've made really great progress on almost all of them. To see our progress in action, I invited key contributors to present video updates.
You may recall that I introduced the Project Browser initiative in my April 2021 State of Drupal presentation. The idea is to make it easy for site builders to find and install modules right from their Drupal site, much like an app store on a smartphone. The goal of this initiative is to help more evaluators and site builders fall in love with Drupal.
Today, just six months later, we have a working prototype! Take a look at the demo video:
Drupal is an excellent headless CMS with support for REST, JSON:API and GraphQL.
Easy Out of the Box
Unfortunately, we have not made a lot of progress on this initiative. In my presentation, I talked about how I'd like to find a way for us to get it done by Drupal 10. My recommendation is that we reduce the scope of work that is required to get them into Standard Profile.
The Automatic Updates initiative's goal is to make it easier to update Drupal sites. Vulnerabilities in software, if left unchecked, can lead to security problems. Automatic updates are an important step toward helping Drupal users keep their sites secure.
The initiative made excellent progress. For the very first time, I was able to show a working development version:
Drupal 10 Readiness
The Drupal 10 Readiness initiative is focused on upgrading the third-party components that Drupal depends on. This initiative has been a lot of work, but we are largely on track.
The most exciting part? The upgrade to Drupal 10 will be easy thanks to careful management of deprecated code and continued investment in Rector. As it stands, upgrading modules from Drupal 9 to Drupal 10 can almost be entirely automated, which is a big 300% improvement compared to the Drupal 8 to Drupal 9 upgrade.
New front end theme
We are nearly at the finish line for our new front end theme, Olivero. In the past few months, a lot of effort has gone into ensuring that Olivero is fully accessible, consistent with our commitment to accessibility.
Olivero already received a glowing review from the National Federation of the Blind (USA):
Olivero is very well done and low-vision accessible. We are not finding any issues with contrast, focus, or scaling, the forms are very well done, and the content is easy to find and navigate.
Something to be really proud of!
The health of Drupal's contribution dynamics
Next, I took a look at Drupal's contribution data. These metrics show that contributions are down. At first I panicked when I saw this data, but then I realized that there are some good explanations for this trend. I also believe this trend could be temporary.
To learn more about why this was happening, I looked at the attrition rate of Drupal's contributors — the percentage of individuals and organizations who stopped contributing within the last year. I compared this data to industry averages for software and services companies.While typical attrition for software and services companies is considered "good" at 15%, Drupal's attrition rate for its Top 1,000 contributors is only 7.7%. The attrition rate for Drupal agencies in the Top 250 organizations is only 1.2%.
I was very encouraged by this data. It shows that we have a very strong, loyal and resilient community of contributors. While many of our top contributors are contributing less (see the full recording for more data), almost none of them are leaving Drupal.
There are a number of reasons for the slowdown in contribution:
- The COVID-19 pandemic has made contribution more difficult and/or less desirable.
- We are in the slow period of the "Drupal Super Cycle" — after every major release, work shifts from active development to maintenance.
- Anecdotally, many Drupal agencies have told me they have less time to contribute because they are growing so fast (see quotes in image below). That is great news for Drupal adoption.
- Drupal is a stable and mature software project. Drupal has nearly all the features organizations need to deliver state-of-the-art digital experiences. Because of Drupal's maturity, there are simply fewer bug fixes and feature improvements to contribute.
- Rector-automations have led to less contribution. It's good to work smarter, not harder.
I'll expand on this more in my upcoming Who sponsors Drupal development post.
The magic of contribution
I wrapped up my presentation by talking about some of the things that we are doing to make it easier to adopt Drupal. I highlighted DrupalPod and Simplytest as two examples of amazing community-driven innovations.
After people adopt Drupal, we need to make it easier for them to become contributors. To make contribution easier, Drupal has started adopting GitLab in favor of our home-grown development tools. Many developers outside the Drupal ecosystem are accustomed to using tools like GitLab. Allowing them to use tools with which they are already familiar is an important step to attracting new contributors. Check out this video to get the latest update on our GitLab effort:
To wrap up I'd like to thank all of the people and organizations who have contributed to Drupal since the last DriesNote. It's pretty amazing to see the momentum on our core initiatives! As always, your contributions are inspiring to me!